What Causes Genital Warts
Facts About Genital Warts- Know The Two Types, What Causes Genital Warts, And How You Can Get Infected.
This article is all about genital warts. In order to be able to understand the condition, it is important to understand what genital warts is; what causes genitals wart; and how it can be diagnosed, prevented, and treated. What are genital warts and what causes genital warts? Genital warts are a very contagious sexually transmitted disease caused by a form the human papillomavirus or HPV. It is spread through direct skin contact during, genital, anal or oral sexual intercourse with someone infected with the condition. Genital warts are the most easily recognizable HPV infection symptom in the genitals. Some people infected with the human papillomavirus do not manifest genitals warts but may still transmit it through sexual intercourse. A person who engages in unprotected sexual activity with a person with a latent HPV infection is still at a 70% chance of acquiring the infection. What are the signs and symptoms of genital herpes? Genital warts usually appear in cauliflower like clusters. They can be very tiny or may be large masses seen in the genitals. The lesions are usually the same color as the skin and start as tiny lesions about 2 millimeters in diameter. Although they may start out small there is a chance that they will become bigger especially when left untreated. In women they may occur inside or outside the vagina, on the cervical opening, in the uterus, inside or around the anus. The number of infections is almost the same among men and women but symptoms are more obvious in men. In men the lesions may be observed on the tip of the penis, the shaft, on the scrotum, and inside or around the anus. Although rare, genital warts may develop in the lips, mouth, tongue and/ or throat of a person who engages in oral sex with someone with genital warts. Other symptoms that are rare but may be present are: increased dampness in the area near the genitals warts, vaginal discharges more than unusual, itchiness in the area affected, and vaginal bleeding during or after intercourse. Some people are at greater risk of being infected or spreading the disease. These people are those who engage in unprotected sex with multiple sexual partners.
Another risk factor is being sexually active at an early age. Those who consume alcohol and use tobacco are also at risk. Having an existing condition such as the presence of other sexually transmitted diseases and being under a certain amount of stress can predispose someone to being infected with the human papillomavirus as well. Being pregnant seems to put a woman at risk for infection as well. A person with a weak immune system because of a certain condition and/ or certain medication can also put you at risk. If a child develops genital warts, there is a chance that he or she is being sexually abused. Genital Warts Diagnosis - The healthcare provider will ask about what observations regarding the infection. He or she will also ask about sexual history and if the patient has done, applied or taken anything to treat the symptoms. Then a physical exam will be conducted to properly look into the lesions and the extent of the infection. In women, it will involve a pelvic exam which the most common exam done to women to diagnose sexually transmitted diseases. Another test is magnification or colposcopy to detect genital warts that are not visible to the naked eye. A trick to easily visualize genital warts is to apply watered down acetic acid or vinegar on the affected area. A paps smear will also be done. The human papillomavirus causes an abnormal result on a paps smear. More about the human papillomavirus -there are about 100 types of human papillomavirus. Not all of them cause problems or are harmful. Only 30 of these viruses are spread through sexual intercourse. They are differentiated by the numbers assigned to each one. They are divided into two groups, low risk and the high risk human papillomavirus. The low risk types of the human papillomavirus have about 12 types in its category. They are not the cervical cancer causing type. They do however cause genital warts and/ or other minor changes to the cells in the cervix. These types are identified as those numbered: 81, 73, 72, 61, 54, 53, 44, 43, 42, 40, 11, and 6. The most common cause of genital warts is types 11 and 6. These two have been associated to 90 % of genital warts infection.
The high risk types of the human papillomavirus have about more than 12 types and can cause more harm than those in the other group. These types tend to cause abnormality in the cells in the cervix. These abnormalities are what may eventually develop into cancer cells if left untreated. The 13 most common types are the ones numbered: 68, 59, 58, 56, 52, 51, 45, 39, 35, 33, 31, 18, and 16. Types number 18 and 16 are the dangerous ones. They are the culprit for about 70% of cervical cancer cases. A human papillomavirus DNA test can be done to determine the presence of a high risk human papillomavirus which may cause cervical cancer. This test is sometimes done to screen women who are above 30 years old and those who have abnormal or slightly abnormal paps smear results. What causes genital warts in newborns? There is a low risk of HPV transmission during childbirth. The amazing thing about babies' bodies is that they can clear the virus on their own. Babies of HPV infected mothers usually do not have complication related to the human papillomavirus. In extremely rare cases a baby of an HPV mother may get warts in the throat. This condition is known as respiratory papillomatosis which is a serious condition. It will require laser surgery to make sure that the warts that developed do not block the respiratory tract. A cesarean delivery is not necessarily indicated in cases of pregnant women with genital warts. How is Genital Warts Treated? Consult your health care provider for treatment. Do not attempt to experiment with over the counter remedies. Medications that may be prescribed involve oral meds and topical ointments. Wart removal may include cryosurgery, cauterization, laser therapy and surgical incision or a combination of any of these. It would be useful to know that prevention is still the best. Avoid multiple sex partners. Protect yourself during intercourse, wear a condom. It may not totally protect you from the virus but it will definitely lessen your chances of being infected. Birth control pills and spermicides will not protect you from STDs. Find out about the HPV vaccine.